Thursday, 28 January 2016

Shin splints.

Shin splints.

Medial tibial stress syndrome (MTSS), Tibial periostotis, or Shin splints.

 

  

Description:

  • pain, dull ache in the lower, front part of leg between knee and ancle
  • it is a type of  ''overuse injury''
  • occur most commonly in runners or aggressive walkers
  • it could be a result from inflammation due to injury of the tendon- posterior peroneal tendon

Causes:
  • muscle inbalance, including weak core muscles
  • tight Achilles tendon or weak ankle muscles
  • inflexibility and tightness of the gastrocnemius, soleus, and plantar muscles
  • increasing activity, intensity and duration- too quickly- too soon
  • repetitive stress- fatigue the soleus- repeated tibial bending or bowing
  • excessive pronation at subtalar joint
  • excessively tight calf muscles
  • hard impact exercises on hard surfaces, running uphill, downhill
  • improper footwear and worn- out shoes
  • people with flat feet are especially prone to shin splints 

 Muscles involved:
  • Gastrocnemius
  • Soleus
  • Tibialis posterior
  • Tibialis anterior
  • Flexor digitorum longus
  • Flexor hallucis longus
  • Extensor digitorum longus
  • Peroneus longus
  • Peroneus brevis
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